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Construction of Buildings: Workflow

Construction of Buildings: Workflow

The chronological order in which various tasks are carried out to complete a construction
project is referred to as the “sequence of work” in building construction. The order of the
steps is crucial for the effective and timely completion of the structure because each one
builds upon the one before it. The precise order may change depending on the project’s
requirements and the type of construction; however, the following stages are commonly
included in the general order of work in building construction:

  • Paperwork, first
    Prior to beginning real construction, residential building construction needed filing of
    paperwork. The paperwork includes drawing creation, material, labour, and contingency
    cost estimation, as well as City Development Authority approval of the plans.
  • Marking the Design
    The ground is initially defined with the borders of the approved plan, and both the interior
    and outside of the layout’s ground are cleaned. Later, the entire layout is accurately
    measured and oriented on the ground.
  • Digging
    Typically, excavation is done to prepare the ground for building wall foundations. Excavation
    should be done in accordance with the widths and lengths specified in the designs. For
    preparing the earth for the foundation, the appropriate machinery is used.
    • Foundation Work
      The foundation work is broken down into several smaller works, including:
      Making the ground compact
      According to the specifications, the excavation trenches are prepared and trimmed, and
      hand compactors are used to compact the bottom.
      To create a sturdy foundation on which to tie reinforcing and set footing. On the compacted
      soil, plain cement concrete of the mix 1:4:8 or 1:3:6 is poured at various depths as needed.
      Footing Strengthening
      To provide a framework over which concrete can be poured and column rods may be
      removed, reinforcement steel bars are connected and set in position on the PCC.
      Shutting down
      Shuttering is carried out in accordance with the measurements shown in the drawing to
      produce concrete that is properly formed. Additionally, it prevents contact between the
      concrete and the dirt.

Concrete Footing
Before beginning any concrete construction, the foundation levels must be checked. There
are areas where the depth of the excavation slightly surpasses it, and vice versa. As specified
in the picture, concrete is poured.

  • Casting Columns
    By securing the shuttering structure, concrete is poured into the formwork to create the
    casting of the columns. After 24 hours of casting and curing are complete, the shuttering is
    often removed.
  • Wall construction
    Brick, wood, precast concrete, and many more materials are used in the construction of
    walls. The base of the wall is initially built using masonry or concrete before the wall itself is
    built. The floor height determines the height of the walls. The openings required for
    windows, doors, and ventilators must be provided.
  • Lintel
    Building masonry work for the lintel is completed all at once, up to the roof. During masonry
    work, windows and door openings are left. On top of apertures, reinforced cement concrete
    beams are positioned. Therefore, the structural loads above openings do not directly impact
    the door frames.
  • Roofing
    Following the completion of the masonry work, the building’s roof slab is poured. Today’s
    roofing consists of a slab of reinforced cement concrete. Slab thickness and reinforcing
    specifications must follow authorized designs.
  • Work in Plastering
    After pouring a slab for 14 days, the formwork is removed. Plaster work now starts. For
    plaster work, 1:3 or 1:4 mortar is typically utilized. Plaster layer thickness should not exceed
    0.75 inches. For around 7 days, cure the surface. For plaster to properly strengthen.
    Generally, internal walls of buildings are covered with plastered layer and external walls
    with pointing. It is better plaster the external walls rather than pointing.
  • Repairing Windows and Doors
    Doors and windows made of wood have historically been utilized. However, steel and
    aluminium are also a respectable option. During masonry work, frames are put in walls for
    wooden doors and windows. Following plaster work, panels are next fastened using hinges.
    Doors made of steel and aluminium are fixed when painting is finished.
  • Electrical and plumbing repairs
    To minimize damage, the essential plumbing and electrical work is completed before the
    final finishing work, such as painting and tile installation.
  • Tile Laying
    The bathrooms and kitchen are primarily tiled. The floor tiles are fixed once the wall tiles
    have been installed. For flooring projects, use tiles, granite, or marble.
  • Painting
    Depending on the type of finish required, painting involves a variety of steps. For a smooth
    finish, 1 coat of priming and 2 coats of water-based paint are also applied, or 2 applications
    of putty and 2 coats of painting. For both inside and outside projects, it defers.
  • Additional Works
    Further than the tasks listed above, remaining tasks are carried out in accordance with
    consumer and design engineer requirements.
     Terrace water resistance
     landscape design
     phony ceiling
     the placement of furniture

Disclaimer: This content is provided solely for your review. Erusu Consultants takes no liability for this article. The reader is advised to form their own opinion. Please consult a Structural Engineer before making any final decisions.

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